Welcome to THAI Aviation Biofuel Plan
The release of CO2 occurs not only from the burning of fossil fuel, but also throughout its production process starting from the drilling, transporting and refining of crude oil. These activities produce a huge amount of CO2 and greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Therefore, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) has envisioned that the air transport sector must stop contributing to an increase of CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions by year 2020, and eventually to reach zero emissions by the year 2057. In order to achieve this target, IATA recommends four major guidelines for the air transport sector:
- Development of technology for both aircraft and engines for low fuel burn as well as aviation biofuels
- Improvement of flight operations to ensure that effective fuel management strategy is implemented and reducing weight of the equipment on board
- Improvement of airport infrastructure and facilities as well as air navigation services for effective air traffic management through the use of modern equipment and technology
- Implementation of economic measures such as investment in carbon offset credits
With these four major guidelines, it was found that development of aircraft technology to become a cleaner/greener technology and effective air traffic management will merely slow down the increase of CO2, but they cannot reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. Therefore, research institutes began to conduct studies to develop biofuels for the aviation sector and the use of sustainable feedstocks. These plants must not be a food source, not threatening biodiversity, no competition with fresh water requirements and no deforestation. Those being researched include jatropha, algae, camelina, babassu, halophytes, and switch grass.